PERIPHERAL VITREOCHORIORETINAL DYSTROPHY (THE REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE)
Peripheral vitreochorioretinal dystrophy (PVCRD) is a pathological process in the periphery of the ocular fundus and one of the most important reasons for retinal detachment. Patients with myopia suffer from this disease most of all. The particular danger of peripheral dystrophy consists in the asymptomatic course. PVCRD may be diagnosed by means of binocular ophthalmoscope (worn on the forehead) as well as of the non-contact aspherical slit lamp lenses. The most detailed and informative examination is performed using the Goldman three-mirror lens in maximum pharmaceutical-induced mydriasis. The up-to-date method of diagnosis is optical coherence tomography, which allows determining the morphological structure of the retina, vitreoretinal interactions, tractions, defects, intraretinal cavities. Laser coagulation is considered to be the most effective methods for PVCRD treating. Patients with the existing retinal pathology and those at risk should undergo the preventive examinations once or twice a year. Prevention of the severe complications entirely depends on the patients’ discipline and attention to their own health.
About Authors (Correspondence):
Popova N.V. – ophthalmologist of the laser surgery department, email: firstname.lastname@example.org