SIGNIFICANCE OF THOROUGH MEDICAL EXAMINATION TO ASSESS THE RISK OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES IN EMPLOYEES OF REFINING AND PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRIES
The aim of the work was to study the cardiovascular diseases (CVD) prevalence in workers of oil refineries and petrochemical plants according to thorough medical examination data and to develop a set of preventive measures. Conducted hygiene studies have shown that the employee body is under the complex of harmful factors, including the chemical, noise, unfavorable climate, severity and intensity of work. It was found that the most common risk factors among workers are low physical activity (49.6 %), hypercholesterolemia (34.1 %), overweight and obesity (22.5 %). The hypertension (21.9 %) is prevalent in the structure of cardiovascular diseases. 9.4 % of the employees among workers over 40 years have the high risk of cardiovascular complications by SCORE system and 1 % of employees have very high risk. The high risk was detected in 2.9 % among workers younger 40 years. The set of measures for cardiovascular diseases prevention among workers of oil refineries and petrochemical plants was developed on the basis of the research.
About Authors (Correspondence):
Gimaeva Z.F. – candidate of medical sciences, assistant professor of clinical pharmacology and therapy, e-mail: email@example.com