The Siberian Scientific Medical Journal
№ 4 / 2014 / 109-114

Diagnostics and treatment of mediastinum tumors

Author Affiliations


The aim of the study: assessment of occurrence of different histological types of tumors in different parts of the mediastinum in residents of Novosibirsk region, the capabilities of different types of surgical interventions at this pathology and safe anesthetic and intensive care support. Materials and Methods: the data on surgeries of 141 patients with the mediastinum tumor were analyzed. Tumors of the anterior mediastinum were revealed in 130 patients, the posterior mediastinum – in 10, the anterior and posterior mediastinum – in 1. Results: Intraoperative complications occurred in 2 patients (bleeding when injured vessels of the mediastinum). Postoperative complications occurred in 16 patients. 4 patients died. In most cases, excised tumor was a tumor of the thymus gland (thymoma).

Key words

anesthesia during operations on mediastinum, treatment of tumors of mediastinum, myasthenia, tumors of mediastinum, thymoma, thoracoscopy at tumors of mediastinum
About Authors (Correspondence):

Chikinev Yu.V. – doctor of medical sciences, professor, head of department of hospital and children’s surgery, e-mail:

Drobyazgin E.A. – doctor of medical sciences, associate professor of department of hospital and children’s surgery, thoracic surgeon, endoscopist of department of thoracic surgery, leading researcher of center and radiosurgery, e-mail:

Anikeeva O.Yu. – candidate of medical sciences, the head of department of radiotherapy, assistant of department of oncology, e-mail:

Polovnikov E.S. – candidate of medical sciences, head of center and radiosurgery, assistant of department of oncology, e-mail:

Kudryavtsev A.S. – thoracic surgeon, oncologist of department of radiotherapy, e-mail:

Berkasova I.V. – candidate of medical sciences, assistant of department of anesthesiology and critical care, anesthesiologist-resuscitator of department of anesthesiology and critical care, e-mail:

Chagin G.N. – thoracic surgeon of department of thoracic surgery

Full Text

Received: 09/02/2015